A spare, graceful film about what a rather louder animated feature once termed ‘the circle of life’, The Red Turtle is a thoughtful anomaly in an era where animations are often breathtaking blizzards of images and pop-culture gags. Tumbling its shipwrecked protagonist out of dark Hokusai waves on to a deserted tropical island, it unfolds his story with beguiling visual and narrative restraint.
Certificate PG 81m 1s
Director Michael Dudok de Wit
French theatrical title La Tortue rouge
UK release date 26 May 2017
Distributor Studiocanal Limited
Master minimalist animator Michael Dudok de Wit’s first feature, after decades of short films, it is also a first external co-production for Studio Ghibli, whose involvement was prompted by his exquisite Oscar-winning short Father and Daughter (2000). Although he has been given free range in style and subject, Dudok de Wit’s interest in Japanese visual arts (his swirling abstract short The Aroma of Tea is notably influenced by Japanese calligraphy) makes for an interesting fit. So too does The Red Turtle’s delicate nature homage, and its theme of transformation – both Studio Ghibli staples, but explored here with a tantalising reticence.
For this is a film about a man’s (and thus Man’s) relationship with nature, a desert island film about succumbing rather than just surviving. Desert island films and alone-at-sea dramas such as Cast Away (2000) or All Is Lost (2013) tend to concentrate on escape and survival. But Dudok de Wit is fascinated by what it feels like to be stranded. For the film’s first third, loneliness and frustration break over his hero like the waves he can’t get past. Positioned in long shots emphasising his aloneness on the island’s white sands or in its lush bamboo forest, or yelling his anger from its granite hill, he is enraged at the underwater being that repeatedly reduces his rafts – and his hopes – to splinters.
When the story takes a more mystical turn, as the giant turtle’s interest in him gives way to the appearance of a red-haired woman, it establishes man and nature as deeply connected. Nature isn’t the background to a drama here, it’s something fully inhabited. Beautifully portrayed with formal simplicity rather than shiny photorealism, the island setting creates its own reality. It wraps the changing weather, the sky palette and the day’s shifting play of light and shadow into every scene. Hair and ragged clothes ripple in the breeze; the shivering bamboo forest is striped with sunlight and graduated greens; and a petrol-streak twilight falls over the toiling man.
But despite the film’s ravishing recreation of a tropical island (Dudok de Wit researched it in the Seychelles), this isn’t a sentimental paradise. The 30-strong animation team make powerful use of perspective, as a towering tsunami’s wall of water chases the tiny couple along the shore, tearing up the island’s vegetation in one great, elemental swirl.
A tour de force of hand-drawn 2D animation (Cintiq tablets and TVPaint software made it speedier), the film uses a muted but adventurous palette, moving from glass-clear green waters in a cove to monochrome nights haunted by surreal, grisaille dreams. So occasional punches of strong colour, such as the sudden close-up of the scarlet turtle as an implacable obstacle in a dark blue sea, have a stunning impact.
An early scattering of speech in the original script having been pared away by Dudok de Wit and his co-writer Pascale Ferran, the film is dialogue-free. Still, it’s by no means silent. It brims with grunts, gasps, shouts and the careful use of ambient noise – surf, wind, birds, even the sound of actors’ breath – to give the characters a human feel. This eloquent use of sound is marred only by the occasional surging emotional swell of Laurent Perez del Mar’s music score, moving too purposefully from poignant to plangent.
Otherwise, the film achieves a considerable emotional effect with remarkable economy. The little family (the couple have a son, whose toddler scrapes become adolescent longings for freedom) have faces of Tintin-like simplicity. Yet the fluidity of their springy bodies, gambolling through long grass or curled into a sleeping circle, gives them great expressiveness. Combined with the film’s delicate symbolism, which can reveal the grown son’s hunger to leave in a single, watery dream, it conveys their longings with enviable subtlety.
The slender circular narrative, in which the cycle of family life and love is celebrated but also jeopardised, is far more than a meditation on our place in nature or an eco-message movie. A precise and elegant fable, which uses magical realism to wind its elements together, The Red Turtle hints rather than hollers about the emotional bond between man and animal. It leaves many things intriguingly open, letting the viewer wonder if it’s an allegory or perhaps the long, consoling dream of a stranded mariner. Astonishingly moving, despite a deceptively simple story and setting, it draws out its profound themes with the lightest of touches.
Notes from a small island
The Red Turtle, the exquisitely animated tale of a man washed up on a desert island, bears the clear imprint of Studio Ghibli, which initiated the project – but, as director Michael Dudok de Wit explains to his son, the film’s distinctive vision lies in its fusion of Eastern and Western traditions. By Alex Dudok de Wit.