First in a three-part sub-series. Considers the history of Russian music, which is embedded in centuries of rich Orthodox Church muisic and a strong folk song and dance tradition. When Tasr Peter the Great opened up Russia to the West, Russia's courtly and drawing room music was very similar in style to that of Italy and France. Victory over Napoleon gave Russia a new sense of nationalism embodied in Glinka's music. This nationalism came into conflict with a growing protest against autocracy, and these events formed a background to the story of Russia and its music in the 19th century.