Second in the three-part sub-series. Concerns the period in the late 1880s, when European influences began to be felt in Russian music, particularly by a group called 'The Five' in Petersburg, which included Balakirev, Borodin, Mussorgskly and Rimsky-Koroshov. Tchaikovsky's melodies still came from traditional Russian folk songs but he came to welcome other European influences. Against a background of the emancipation of the serfs and of nihilist revolutionary thinking, Russian music divided along the paths of national pride and personal expression. Orchestral extracts are performed by the Leningrad Philharmonic and chamber works are performed by the Taneyev Quartet.