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  • Reviewed from the 2021 Cannes Film Festival. 

The death of cinema has been proclaimed so frequently across the medium’s relatively short lifespan that the notion is now a cliché. Still, the pandemic managed to sound the knell with renewed force. And when last year’s Cannes Film Festival, after a postponement and much demurral, was finally cancelled, the decision’s symbolism struck as particularly dire. If Cannes 2021 is to represent cinema’s glorious rebirth, as Thierry Frémaux & Co. certainly intend it to, then opening with the new film by Leos Carax, a director whose every outing is at once a celebration and a reinvention of the art form, was brilliantly apropos.

In fact, the legendary critic Serge Daney anointed Carax as cinema’s saviour during the festival back in 1984, upon discovering the then-23-year-old’s debut, Boy Meets Girl. The exceptional cine-literacy that so impressed Daney has since become Carax’s signature, as his films continue to openly and liberally draw from past genres and masters.

That Annette, his sixth feature and first in English, should be a musical culminates a movement discernible across his oeuvre. Scenes such as Denis Lavant’s sprinting, spasmodic dance to David Bowie’s Modern Love in Mauvais Sang (1986) and its mixtape upgrade in The Lovers on the Bridge (1991), with Lavant and Juliette Binoche hurling themselves across Paris’ Pont Neuf while the sky explodes in a million colours during the Bastille Day fireworks, already expressed a keen affinity with musicals. And the succession of spectacular set pieces that make up Holy Motors (2012) could easily have structured one, a potential underlined in the finale, where Kylie Minogue brings the narrative to its emotional climax by bursting into a song whose Disney-like lyrics were written by Carax.

Annette (2021)

Holy Motors’ soundtrack also included How Are You Getting Home? by Sparks, the duo made up of brothers Ron and Russell Mael, who would later send Carax a treatment idea for a musical along with some twenty demos, which eventually became Annette. The kinship between band and director is hardly surprising given that both are pop pioneers in their respective idioms who revel in mixing high sophistication with oddball, often puerile humour.

What it’s engendered is a script whose dialogue is composed of lyrics replete with dorky rhymes – though in large part delivered in recitative à la Jacques Demy – and with high likelihood the only musical ever to contain not just one but two scenes of cunnilingus. In the first, the couple alternately sing “We love each other so much!” until they climax in unison with the song, while the second occasions a masterpiece of a match cut from the ecstasy of orgasm to that of childbirth (“Breathe in! Breathe out! Push, push!” sing the chorus of doctors and nurses). 

This interplay between the high and the low is embodied by Adam Driver and Marion Cotillard’s dichotomous lovers: Henry is a stand-up comedian, Ann is an opera singer; he dresses in green, she in red; “I killed them,” he says of his audience after a show, “I saved them,” she replies about her own. It’s a dialectic that extends to the film’s form, as Carax employs a hyper-modern aesthetic to tell an archetypal story of showbiz romance that turns from idyll to tragedy.

The saturated palette of Caroline Champetier’s emphatically digital photography renders even real locations artificial, so that the film can effortlessly move from the streets of downtown Los Angeles, to a Cocteau-like magical forest, to a boat caught in a raging rear-projected storm, to a concert attended by tens of thousands in a stadium fully rendered in CGI.

Of the myriad outlandish touches, the most out-there must be that Henry and Ann’s baby daughter Annette is portrayed by a disconcerting marionette with visible joints like Pinocchio, hair like Chucky and a face like Anomalisa (as well as jug ears like her father). It is never not funny when the parents cuddle and sing to this grotesque little monster, doting on her like an angel. 

Annette (2021)

Where the film isn’t balanced is in the interest Carax shows for his lead actors and their respective characters (something that holds true for all his features with the exception of The Lovers on the Bridge). Cotillard, whose singing is aided in post-sync by professional soprano Catherine Trottmann, is given little to do in her opera scenes and since Ann serves as the saintly counterpart to the ever more demonic Henry, she’s inevitably less compelling. Driver, on the other hand, gets to step in for Denis Lavant and show off his physicality, contorting himself through two virtuosic stand-up sequences, and once Henry kills Ann halfway into the film, it effectively becomes a one-man show. (There’s actually another character, a conductor and love rival played by Simon Helberg, but he’s barely an afterthought.)

Undoubtedly, the bias stems from Carax’s personal investment in Henry. In that review from 1984, another trait Daney noted about the budding auteur was the strong personal dimension to his film, recognising Lavant’s protagonist as an alter-ego. This too has since become a trademark and Annette may well be his most nakedly autobiographical work.

Anyone unfamiliar with Carax’s life might not necessarily pick up on a short moment in the prelude when he’s in a recording studio with Sparks and he asks a teenage girl called Natsya to join him by the console. Her identity becomes clear in the finale, which sees Henry in jail and, through cosmetic trickery, bearing a striking resemblance to Carax. Annette comes to visit and after transforming into a real girl (Devyn McDowell) she confronts him in a duet, laying bare the suffering caused by his egocentrism. It’s the one song that relinquishes drollery in favour of pure emotion and it lends a new, devastating perspective to the spiralling darkness of the film’s second half. 

It isn’t crucial to know that Carax’s partner, the actress Yekaterina Gobuleva, died in 2011 when their daughter Nastya was six years old, and of course it would be foolish to read Annette literally as a mea culpa. Nevertheless it’s remarkable that Carax should want to wrestle his demons so publicly. And it is our privilege that he keeps doing so. 

Further reading

Film of the week: Holy Motors

By Ginette Vincendeau

Film of the week: Holy Motors

Cannes 2012: Cinema-chewing: Leos Carax’s Holy Motors

By Demetrios Matheou

Cannes 2012: Cinema-chewing: Leos Carax’s Holy Motors

Sight & Sound Summer 2021

In our current (double) issue we hand centre stage to 100 hidden heroes of cinema who have shaped film history. Plus Ben Wheatley on In the Earth, Emma Seligman’s Shiva Baby, Victor Kossakovsky’s pig portrait Gunda, Jane Fonda interviewed, Limbo and refugees on film, and a look back at My Own Private Idaho. Available in print and digitally.

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