Sight & Sound: the May 2017 issue

The explosive genius of Rainer Werner Fassbinder: eight thematic takes on the German wunderkind who contained multitudes, plus an interview and a look at a newly restored TV miniseries.

Plus Lady Macbeth, Raw and cannibalism on film, Raoul Peck’s James Baldwin – and an extended survey of the role of women in British wartime cinema.

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How to encapsulate a talent as prolific and mercurial as Rainer Werner Fassbinder’s? As the BFI mounts a major two-month retrospective – and his previously unsubtitled 1972 TV miniseries Eight Hours Don’t Make a Day comes to Blu-ray – we invited nine critical admirers to frame his “radically naive” yet unsparingly brutal (and highly timely) art across multiple takes: his empathy with outsiders, his mordant philosophy of human nature, his behind-the-scenes provocations, his deployment of diva figures and his aesthetic bravado.

We also revisit a 1974 S&S interview with Fassbinder, in which he talks to Tony Rayns about working across theatre and TV, his thinking about style, the influence of American cinema and his love of Douglas Sirk. And Nick Pinkerton brings fresh eyes to the newly restored ‘working-class series’ Eight Hours Don’t Make a Day.

Also in this issue: Their Finest producer Stephen Woolley shares his multi-year research into the stories of the women who galvanised British cinema during World War II (and afterwards) – and Lone Scherfig talks to Isabel Stevens about paying tribute to the cinematic artistry and the porto-feminism of an earlier era. 

Julia Ducournau’s allegorical horror Raw has already been a hit on the festival circuit and on its French release. She talks to Virginie Sélavy about blood, girls, animals and doctors, while Kim Newman binges on the history of cinematic cannibalism across horror, bad-taste comedies and the avant-garde.

Another palpable hit is William Oldroyd’s feature debut Lady Macbeth, adapted by Alice Birch from Nikolai Leskov’s 1865 novella Lady Macbeth of the Mtensk District, with its gothically defiant heroine relocated to the rugged moors of Victorian northern England. Kelli Weston talks to Oldroyd about a movie that takes inspiration from Henrik Ibsen, and broaches not only sex but race and class.

The poor, black, queer writer James Baldwin was “intersectional before that was a thing,” writes Thomas Chatterton Williams – and in the 30 years since his death his reputation has soared. Well timed to affirm Baldwin’s status as the patron saint of a generation of #BlackLivesMatter artists and activists comes Raoul Peck’s documentary I Am Not Your Negro – but does the film do justice to his complexities and contradictions? 

 

Features

Magnificent Obsessions: The Explosive Genius of Rainer Werner Fassbinder

Magnificent Obsessions: The Explosive Genius of Rainer Werner Fassbinder

The extraordinary career of the prolific German director Rainer Werner Fassbinder, who died of an overdose at the age of just 37, contained multitudes. Over 14 pages, we take a look at some of the themes that defined his mercurial talent:

  • Magnificent Obsessions: an introduction by Martin Brady
  • The Outsider: Tony Rayns on RWF’s fascination with ‘otherness’
  • The Mirror to Germany: Martin Brady on RWF’s Munich roots and relationship to the New German Cinema
  • The Aesthete: Margaret Deriaz on RWF’s attitude to art
  • The Ladies’ Man: Erica Carter on RWF’s instrumental use of female figures
  • The Victim and the Victimiser: Elena Gorfinkel on the centrality of subjection, humiliation and interdependence in Fassbinder’s worldview
  • The Collaborator: Tony Rayns on RWF’s tyranny over his troupes
  • The Formal Innovator: Mattias Frey on RWF’s experiments across theatre, film and television
  • The Stylist: Andrew Webber on RWF’s varying modes of aesthetic expression

+ “The primary need is to satisfy the audience”

In this edited version of a 1974 S&S interview, Fassbinder discusses his early explorations of the everyday realities of German lives and how American cinema influenced his work. By Tony Rayns.

+ “It was supposed to be more pessimistic”

The restoration of Fassbinder’s 1972 TV miniseries Eight Hours Don’t Make a Day allows a new generation to enjoy a classic that ranks with the director’s finest work. By Nick Pinkerton.

 

Making a Murderer

Making a Murderer

A teenage bride in Victorian England refuses to settle for the loveless marriage that has been chosen for her, in William Oldroyd’s outstanding feature debut Lady Macbeth, a spare, powerful portrait of a woman pushed to her very limits. By Kelli Weston.

 

Behind the Lines: Women and WWII British Film

Behind the Lines: Women and WWII British Film

The Ministry of Information’s efforts to target all sections of the population during the war gave an inevitable boost to the role of women in British film, a breakthrough which had a galvanising effect on the industry as a whole – and is dramatised in Lone Scherfig’s latest film The Finest. By Stephen Woolley.

+ Life during wartime

Their Finest director Lone Scherfig outlines the challenges of mixing fiction, archive, Technicolor and black-and-white in a movie that delights in the technical artistry of WWII-era films. By Isabel Stevens.

 

Going to Meet the Man

Going to Meet the Man

I Am Not Your Negro, Raoul Peck’s timely documentary about the writer James Baldwin, offers an exhilarating reminder of the power of his oratorical and literary talents, but does it show the full complexity and contradictions of his place within the civil rights movement? By Thomas Chatterton Williams.

 

Fresh Meat

Fresh Meat

A young woman discovers a taste for human flesh in Julia Ducournau’s unflinchingly gory allegorical horror Raw. Here the director discusses bodily transformations, shiting identities and her fascination with the animal that lives inside us all. Virginie Sélavy.

+ Pleasures of the flesh

As Raw shows, cannibalism can be a potent ingredient in horror films, but its absurd, blackly humorous aspects have also found a home in bad-taste comedies and avant-garde cinema. By Kim Newman.

 

Regulars

Editorial

The world is not enough

 

Rushes

Our Rushes section

Our Rushes section

In the frame: Battle scars

A new documentary series, Five Came Back, tells the stories of five directors who left Hollywood in WWII to make films for the war effort. By Geoffrey Macnab.

 

Interview: The heart of the matter

Katell Quillévéré’s Heal the Living is a moving account of the multiple human dramas involved in a heart transplant. By Kieron Corless.

 

Object lesson: All tied up

It can show you’re in charge, or a member of the club, or it can be a shackle, a leash or a noose: a tie can be hard to pin down. By Hannah McGill.

 

Interview: Solitary confinement

In Terence Davies’s A Quiet Passion, Cynthia Nixon turns her back on sex and the city to portray the poet Emily Dickenson. By Pamela Hutchinson.

 

Dispatches: Thinking fast and slow

What accounts for the frenetic output of the likes of Fassbinder and Mizoguchi, against the glacial pace of directors like Tarkovsky? By Mark Cousins.

 

Obituary: Suzuki Seijun, 1923-2017

The eye-popping genre movies the prolific director made in the mid-60s remain phenomenal by any measure in world cinema. By Tony Rayns.

 

The Industry

Our Industry section

Our Industry section

Development tale: Mad to Be Normal

The madness of spending years failing to fund a biopic about psychiatrist R.D. Laing was a test of mettle for Robert Mullan, director of Mad to Be Normal. By Charles Gant.

 

The numbers

The success of Paul Verhoeven’s Elle. By Charles Gant.

 

Profile: Foreign affairs

If subtitles are such a turn-off, why is Walter Presents, a digital platform devoted to foreign-language telly, proving such a hit? By Geoffey Macnab.

 

Wide Angle

Our Wide Angle section

Our Wide Angle section

Forum: What is literary cinephilia?

Critics talk as though film is literature’s junior partner — but at the moment all the influence seems to be flowing the other way. By Adrian Martin.

 

Soundings: Extremely loud & incredibly close

Filmmaker and composer Phill Niblock’s slow, rigorous, blastingly loud experiments transport the audience outside ordinary time. By Yusef Sayed.

 

Profile: Bare necessities

Do Liu Yu’s spare, slow-moving portraits of contemporary life represent a new way forward for Chinese cinema? By Neil Young.

 

Preview: The wind rises

A talk by the remarkable filmmaker Ju Anqi is just one of the diverse highlights of London’s Chinese Visual Festival. By Tony Rayns.

 

Our Reviews section

Our Reviews section

Reviews

Films of the month

The Handmaiden
The Happiest Day in the Life of Olli Maki
Neruda
A Quiet Passion

plus reviews of

Aftermath
Beauty and the Beast
The Belko Experiment
Bunch of Kunst
Chosen
Citizen Jane: Battle for the City
City of Tiny Lights
Clash
A Dark Song
Gleason
The Hatton Garden Job
Heal the Living
I Am Not Your Negro
Kong: Skull Island
Lady Macbeth
Letters from Baghdad
Mad to Be Normal
A Moving Image
The Nights of Zayandeh-Rood
The Promise
Rangoon
Raw
The Sense of an Ending
Smurfs: The Lost Village
Suntan
Table 19
Tanna
Their Finest
The Time of Their Lives
The Transfiguration
The Void
Who’s Gonna Love Me Now?
Wolves at the Door
Zip & Zap and the Marble Gang

 

Home Cinema features

Our Home Cinema section

Our Home Cinema section

Big ideas In Little Italy: Who’s That Knocking at My Door? and Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore

From the start, Martin Scorsese was reinventing cinema in his own restless, fearless fashion, as this early double bill shows. By Kate Stables.

 

Divine comedy: Multiple Maniacs

Taking schlock culture to gleeful extremes, John Walters’s movie-of-misfits is a glorious blast of proto-punk rebellion. By Ben Walters.

 

plus reviews of

The Anderson Tapes
Being There
The Boy Friend
Chilly Scenes of Winter
The Creeping Garden
Deluge
The Last Detail
The Life of Oharu
My Twentieth Century
Police
S.O.B.
Story of Sin
Strange Cargo
Two Rode Together

 

Television

The Hanged Man/Turtle’s Progress
Rock Follies: The Whole Story

 

Books

Steven Spielberg: A Life in Films by Molly Haskell (Yale University Press) reviewed by Trevor Johnston

Ben Wheatley by Adam Nayman (Critical Press) reviewed by Tim Hayes

Film Is Like a Battleground by Marsha Gordon (Oxford University Press) reviewed by Jonathan Rosenbaum

The First Impulse by Laurel Fantauzzo (Anvil Publishing) reviewed by Adrian Martin

 

Letters

Our Endings section

Our Endings section

High Hopes

Behind the Curtain I

Behind the Curtain II

Canon Fodder

On the Daughter Front

Stone Love

Motel Thoughts

Crime and Pun-ishment

 

Endings

Fear Eats the Soul

The challenging final moments of Rainer Werner Fassbinder’s emotionally brutal love story offer a downbeat echo of Douglas Sirk. By Andrew Male.

 

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